MIDDLE ADULTHOOD (41-60)
Topic: Life Span Development
Next Unit: Late Adulthood (61+)
2 minute read
Middle Adulthood (41 to 60)
- HR: 70 bpm average
- Maximum heart rate with strenuous exercise can be estimated by the formula [220 - AGE]. Example: age 50 = 220 - 50 = 170.
- RR: 12-20 bpm
- Systolic BP: 120 mmHg average
- Temperature: 98.6 Fahrenheit
Physiologically: the body of the middle-aged adult is still functioning at a high level with varying degrees of degradation:
- Vision and hearing become less effective.
- Cardiovascular health becomes a concern. Cardiac output decreases throughout this period, and cholesterol levels increase.
- Cancer strikes in this age group often.
- Weight control becomes more difficult.
- Menopause occurs in women in late forties and early fifties.
Psychological: the middle adulthood population approaches problems more as challenges than threats:
- Empty nest syndrome, which is defined as sadness or emotional distress that affects parents whose children have grown up and left home, can start at this time.
- Middle-aged adults are often burdened by financial commitments to elderly parents, young adult children, and/or debt service which has accrued.